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There are various kinds of termite control substances registered by the relevant State and/or Federal Government Authority to be used in termite control as a soil treatment chemical.
WARNING: Several outdated products are solvent based termite control dyes that might lead to health issues to asthmatics during the drying procedure.
Termidor and Premise are the safer effective alternatives. Both are water based, have virtually no smell and of ultra-low danger to humans, cats, dogs and other mammals.
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Termidor and Premise do NOT have an obnoxious odour or emit airborne residues or fumes. Both are enrolled as a low hazard insecticide with a CAUTION notation on the registered label.
Fipronil, the active ingredient in Termidor, has been used in the USA, Australia and other countries, such as flea and tick control on millions of cats and dogs. Termidor and Premise represent modern technology.
Some alternative termiticides possess a strong repellency action to deter foraging termites. Whereas Termidor and Premise are non-repellant to the termites.
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Termites can enter the treated soil zone without detecting the Termidor or Premise chemical.
The repellant nature of other products mean the termites can discover the compound and will move along the treated soil areas, actively seeking a gap to gain entry into the building.
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Premise has been utilized as soil treatment barrier against termites for more than eight years in the USA with excellent outcomes for long term termite control. We are not aware of any significant issues during this period.
Premise will behave to kill termites, in the greater concentration treated soil areas abutting the building. With Premise, termites that forage in the lower concentrated treated land regions, will become disorientated, stop feeding, and therefore are fatally diseased by natural fungi and micro-organisms in the soil.
The two Bayer Premise and BASF Termidor claim their products will transfer from one influenced termite to another... the technology aimed at eradicating the queen termite and the entire colony - refer to the animated illustration under:
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Termites tunneling in the Premise treated soil area abutting the building (of top concentration - near the point of application) are killed outright.
Termites tunneling in the outer parts of a Premise treated soil area (of low concentration) will not detect the Premise which adheres to their bodies and has a delayed lethal effect of many days - enough time to be transferred back to the central colony nest.
After 250 million decades of living underground, subterranean termites have evolved with a very thin waxy skin (called an exoskeleton) that readily absorbs moisture.
Premise adheres to the termite exoskeleton and is easily adsorbed via the exoskeleton and into the termite's body to immobilize and destroy the affected termite within a few days.
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The termites spread the Premise to other termites during regular physical contact, particularly when working together in close proximity, grooming and feeding the remainder of the colony, a regular function of their everyday life.
Termites carry away or cannibalize other dead termites, further spreading the deadly effect of the Premise chemical throughout the colony.
The Sentricon termite monitoring and baiting system was developed by Dow AgroSciences, USA. The Sentricon bait is an insect growth regulator, which can be designed to be spread throughout the colony from the worker termites.
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An insect growth regulator affects termites by stopping the moulting process required for the termites to grow. As the employee termites die off, the termite colony declines to the point at which it can no longer sustain itself, ultimately leading to it's collapse and elimination.
The Exterra termite monitoring and baiting process is owned by Ensystex, USA. The Exterra termite bait is also an insect growth regulator.
Both Sentricon and Exterra systems have their own plastic bait stations which must be used with their merchandise. These bait stations can be placed in the ground and assessed regularly.
Termite colony elimination in favourable circumstances might take several months to a few months. However, in some instances, termite colony elimination is unsuccessful or may take decades, depending on the circumstances. Where a high number of termites find and connsume the lure, then colony elimination is virtually assured within a few months.
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Both the Sentricon and Exterra termite baits are designed to be slow acting, non-repellant and therefore spread to other termites in the colony before the colony can detect where the deadly effect is coming out of.
Termites have acute survival instincts. The location of a poisonous food supply if detected, will be abandoned. An excessive amount of disturbance like it of these foraging termites (employees and soldiers) in a specific location, will alert the termite colony to abandon the region. The termites appear to be gone, but may in fact be entering the building in other areas.